different types of cell tower leases

If Negotiating Cell Tower Leases Was Easy, Our Competitors Wouldn’t Visit Our Website Every Day.

Back in 2010 we told the Newark Star ledger and others that 100,000 new cell towers would be needed in the next decade to support increased demand for coverage and capacity, and people laughed at us. History has proven us correct.  

To be clear, even wireless industry executives have no idea of exactly how many new 5G cell sites will be needed to support the next generation wireless network. Hundreds of thousands of 5G nodes and small cells will need to added in addition to the three hundred thousand plus cell sites in the United States. One thing is for certain, people aren’t getting rid of their cell phone devices anytime soon. Cell towers aren’t going anywhere either. 

Tower management firms and wireless carriers will need to sign a plethora of new cell site and  cell tower leases over the next decade and lock in lease extensions on existing cell tower locations. While many of the 5G or small cell sites being deployed will be installed on public right of rays (ROWS) where the carrier may negotiate one master lease agreement (MLA) with a city or county agency at a bargain basement price, an opportunity still exists for land owners in rural areas and for building owners in cities and suburbs to generate cell site income.

Not all telecom lease agreements are the same. Make sure you know the difference before you embark on a lease negotiation.

Not All Cell Tower Lease Rates Are Apples To Apples Comparisons

Cell tower lease rates are not the same. Let’s pick on T-Mobile and Crown Castle today. For example, you can have a T-Mobile cell tower location in one city or town paying $1,000 monthly, managed by Crown Castle, and another T-Mobile Crown Castle tower site that pays over $3,000 monthly just a mile or two away.  And while it may sound crazy, you can have a T-Mobile ground lease nearby that pays less than $800 per month, and you can have a Crown Castle tower location where the owners receive over $13,000 monthly.  And then in the same city you can have a T-Mobile rooftop cell site that pays $2,000 per month while T-Mobile may easily be paying more than double that amount to lease its antenna space on a water tower or electric transmission tower. 

A general rule of thumb is, the harder it is to get the site approved and built, and the fewer choices that are available to the wireless carrier or cell tower developer, the better chance you have of getting a higher rental fee.

But wait… there’s more. The cellular carriers for the most part decided to get out of the business of building and owning towers about a decade ago, and direct carrier leases are not as common as they once were. Even if you have a site that should rent for a higher price, if you have been approached by a cell tower development company to have a tower built on your land, they can’t pay you more rent than they are receiving from their carrier subtenant and depreciate the tower costs. There is only “so much meat on the bone” and often times land owners negotiate themselves out of a deal without understanding the forces at work in the transaction. 

Rooftop Lease – Ground Lease – Tower Lease  vs. Option Lease

Is it a straight Cell Tower Lease, Ground Lease, Rooftop Lease or is it an Option Lease Agreement? 

The majority of contracts offered to land owners and building towers are Option Lease Agreements. The carrier or developer signs a contract that ties up the portion of the land or rooftop, typically for two consecutive one-year periods. They can exercise their option or right to lease the portion of your real estate if they send you a letter of commencement. Typically the landlord will receive $500 per one-year option. This is a nominal amount that is quite standard in the industry. The other type of  lease agreement is a rooftop lease, ground lease or tower lease that does not contain an option.  Landlords should pay close attention to the wording of these contracts because often times if a tower does not get built, the property owner is stuck with a recorded lease option that can be costly and difficult to have removed from their title.

Developer Lease vs. Direct Carrier Lease

Since the carriers have distanced themselves from building and owning towers for the most part, the majority of new cell towers being proposed are being developed by small to medium sized tower development firms. They build and lease tower space to the carriers and lease ground space, usually 100′ x 100′ from property owners.  Carriers such as Verizon Wireless, US Cellular, T-Mobile – Sprint, AT&T and DISH will pay the tower company approximately $2,000 per month to lease antenna and ground space for equipment. They tower companies will pay the property owner from the anticipated anchor tenant rent. That is why it is nearly impossible to ask for more than $2,000 for a new cell tower lease nowadays, when ten or fifteen years ago it was fairly common. 

If rooftop space is being rented for antennas and equipment, that building essentially is “the tower” and landlords can usually get getter rental fees. However if there are competing rooftops this will generally drive the monthly rental price lower.

Contact Tower Genius at 888-313-9750 if you’ve received a proposal for a new telecom site at your location.